It is a simple fact that all windows are meant to let in light and some are also to provide ventilation to a closed room. Beyond these basic functions, windows come in various types and designs to suit a specific setting. For example, some windows might be easier to operate, and some might be especially designed for picturesque views.
These different windows can provide a very different outcome of the presentation of a room. Since there are multiple different kinds of windows, the selection criteria of the suitable window is dependent upon the location of the room, size, direction of wind, climatic conditions utility of room and the architectural point of view.
Narrowing down the choice for the best window begins with noting down some of the basic window types. These are as follows:
- Awning Windows
Awning windows typically open outwards by revolving from above the window sash. The pivot is a simple shaft which helps swing the shutter and can be strategically placed to operate either horizontally or vertically. These windows can be placed alongside of picture windows and are a good way of providing ventilation to the room. Another common use of these windows is above doors. Since awning windows open out, it is not recommended to place them near walkways or other roadside areas, in order to avoid any disturbance in the traffic way.
- Casement Windows
Casement windows are one of the most widely used windows today. While casement windows are similar to awning windows because they open out, they usually hinge from the sides. Their shutters are attached to the frame itself, allowing the window to be opened and closed easily. Casements are known to have large windowpanes that provide sufficient light indoors without being interrupted by framing. Casements are also popular because they can offer far more ventilation than other windows and also act as an effective seal from heat or cold. To make these even more useful to the room, wired mesh can be attached to prevent the entrance of flies.
- Double and Single Hung Windows
These are another example of the most common window types as it provides benefits similar to casement windows. The only difference between the double hung and single hung windows is that the former has two movable sashes and the latter has only one movable lower sash.
The key advantage of these window types is much better ventilation. Since the sashes can be opened almost halfway, it allows air to naturally flow inside the room and find its way back outside as well. Additionally, these windows can be easily cleaned from inside without having to use a ladder to clean from the external outside. Single and double hung windows can be placed at many locations and they never fail to provide an attractive and bold appearance to the entire room. Many double hung window types can also contribute towards reducing energy costs due to its ability to maintain both heating and cooling inside.